The New Emerging Geo-Economics of the Middle East

Document Type : Original Article


shahid beheshti university


This article is organized around two levels of analysis: the newly emerging international order and how this new order impacts the Middle East. The hypothesis in this article substantiates that, “for the most part, the geo-economic and geo-politics of the Middle East are the outcome of conflicts, structural-political differences and competition among the major players in the region.” Furthermore, the hypothesis proposes that US, European and Russian activities in the Middle East seek to assert a role of conflict management rather than conflict resolution.
This article adopts the conceptual framework of Robert Kagan who promotes the idea that political influence is a function of trade and economic expansion. This article will draw on the US economy, new Russian ambitions, the Obama legacy in foreign policy, Israeli motivational structure to explain the emerging bipolar system in the Middle East. The nature of this system will depend on the financial capabilities of the regional actors as well as the ongoing dynamics of Russian-American competition in the Middle East.


Allison, G, and Simes, D., (2017). Trump and Russia, the National Interest, January-February 2017.
Bhagwati, J., et al. (2016).The World Trade System: Trends and Challenges, London: The MIT Press.
Cassidy, J., (2017). Steve Bannon is losing to the Globalists, New Yorker, April 6,.Economist, February 18, (2017).p. 12.
Economist, February 11, (2017).pp. 6, 8.Special report on the mass entertainment.
Economist, January 28, (2017). pp. 15-17. Special report on multinationals.Economist, March 18, (2017).p. 62.
Falk, A. (2004).Fratricide in the Holy Land: A Psychoanalysis View of the Arab-Israel Conflict, Madison WI: University of Wisconsin Press.
Foroohar, R., (2016).Makers and Takers, New York: Crown Business.
G. Ikenberry, J., (2011).American Foreign Policy, Boston: Wadsworth.
Gaider, Y., (2007).Collapse of an Empire: Lessons for Modern Russia, Translated by Antonina W. Bonis, Washington DC: Brookings Institution Press.
Goldberg, J., (2016). Goldberg, Interview with Barack Obama", the Atlantic, April 2017.
Gratch, A., (2015).The Israeli Mind, New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Grosbard, O. (2000), Israel on the Couch: The Psychology of Peace Process, New York: State University of New York Press.
Huntington, S., (1981).American Politics: The Promise of Disharmony, Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Kagan, R., (2012).The World America Made, New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Kaufman, R., (2001).Dangerous Doctrine, Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky.
 Lauruelle, M.,ne (2015.Russia as a Divided Nation from Compatriots to Crimea", Problems of Post-Communism, 62(2).
Mason, J. W., (2015). Disgorge the Cash: the Disconnect Between Corporate Borrowing and Investment", Roosevelt Institute, February 2015.
Niblett, R., (2017). Liberalism in Retreat", Foreign Affairs, January-February 2017.
Rosenau, J., (1971).Scientific Study of Foreign Policy, New York: The Free Press.
Rousseu, D., and Garcia-Retamero, R., (2006). Estimating Threats: The Impact and Interaction of Identity and Power", in: American Foreign Policy and the Politics of Fear, edited by Trevor Thrall and Jane Cramer, London: Routledge.
Serry, R., (2017).The Endless Quest for Israeli-Palestinian Peace, Switzerland: Palgrave.
Shalit, E., (1994).The Relationship between Aggression and Fear of Annihilation in Israel", Political Psychology, No. 15.
Sucharov, Mira (2006), The International Self: Psychoanalysis and the Search for Israel Palestinian Peace, Albany: State University of New York Press.
Wright, B., US Foreign Military Sales 2016 are Thriving, in